Let's start with some data.
In Italy, In the three-year period 2014-2017, 32,000 female enterprises were born, and Rome ranks first for the number of women doing business.
And not just women, even young people, them and their companies.
In fact, 40% of women's businesses have been open after 2010 and 12% of the total female companies are led by a leader under 35.
We are talking about 554 thousand enterprises, born in the last 7 years, which are slowly changing the sector and geographical map of women doing business.
Sectors that historically saw a strong female presence today are resizing, primarily agriculture, to date less than 11% of the total companies led by women. In strengthening the presence in tourism and commerce, which represent 45% of the total female enterprises.
The most interesting figure, however, is in the services sector, in particular financial and insurance activities - 13 thousand companies - professional, scientific and technical - 18 thousand businesses - information and communication - 11 thousand companies: all sectors generally of male prerogative and in which instead the female presence is strengthening.
Where is it? Lombardy, Lazio and Campania are the most welcoming regions for women's businesses, both recently established and historical.
If we focus on innovative startups, the 2017 data count 13.7% of companies with a majority of women (just over one thousand), but the data go up if we take into account the companies in which at least one woman is present in the social structure: almost 43% of innovative startups. Almost one in two startups sees a female presence, not necessarily young and first experience, but also more mature, with a previous important work experience, looking for something different to make the most of their skills.
What to understand from this portrait?
Female entrepreneurship, especially the recent one, seems to be a form of adaptation to a delicate environmental situation.
The Italian female students, who graduate first and better than their male colleagues, are 60% of the total number of graduates, but often the difficulty in finding a job, or in combining work and family, or worse, the loss of work perhaps for a child, oblige women to reinvent themselves by exploiting the entrepreneurial spirit to enter the world of work in a new way, that is by creating a business.
In short, a resource for Italy, which unfortunately on the issue of female equality - not just at work - is still at the bottom of the European countries.